Infertility is a medical condition that affects millions of couples worldwide, and it can be a challenging and emotionally taxing experience for those trying to conceive. Fortunately, there are several effective treatments available that can help couples overcome infertility and achieve their dream of starting a family. As per experts at a reputed IVF clinic in Delhi, here are the top five infertility treatments that can help couples extend their families:
1. IVF or In Vitro Fertilisation
One of the most successful and commonly used infertility treatments available today is In vitro fertilisation (IVF). This treatment comprises the retrieval of mature eggs from a woman’s ovaries, followed by fertilisation with sperm in a laboratory dish. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the woman’s uterus, where they can implant and develop into a pregnancy. IVF has a success rate of around 40% for women under the age of 35, and it can be even higher for women who use donor eggs or embryos. IVF is often recommended for couples who have been trying to conceive for a long time or who have underlying fertility problems such as blocked fallopian tubes or low sperm count.
2. IUI or Intrauterine Insemination
Another prevalent infertility treatment is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), which involves inserting sperm directly into a woman’s uterus during ovulation. This technique is frequently suggested for couples experiencing unexplained infertility or mild male factor infertility. IUI has a success rate of around 10-20% per cycle, and it can be performed with or without fertility drugs to stimulate ovulation. IUI is a less invasive and less expensive option than IVF, and it can be a good choice for couples who have been trying to conceive for less than a year.
3. ICSI or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
ICSI is a distinct type of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) that requires the direct injection of a single sperm into an egg. This approach is commonly utilised when a male partner experiences a low sperm count, weak sperm movement, or other sperm-associated complications. ICSI boasts a 30-40% success rate per cycle, and it can be an incredibly beneficial option for couples who have been grappling with infertility due to male factors. Typically, ICSI is performed in tandem with IVF, and it can enhance the likelihood of both fertilisation and pregnancy.
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4. Donor Eggs or Sperm
Donor eggs or sperm can be a viable option for couples who are unable to conceive using their own gametes. This treatment involves using eggs or sperm from a donor to create embryos, which are then transferred into the woman’s uterus using IVF. Donor eggs or sperm can be a good choice for women who are older or who have diminished ovarian reserve, as well as for men with severe male factor infertility. Donor eggs or sperm can also be used in cases where one or both partners have a genetic condition that could be passed on to their offspring.
Surrogacy is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which a woman carries a pregnancy for another couple or individual. This treatment can be a good option for couples who are unable to conceive due to uterine factors or other medical conditions. Surrogacy can be performed using the intended mother’s eggs and the intended father’s sperm, or it can involve the use of donor gametes. Surrogacy can be a complex and emotionally challenging process, but it can be a highly effective treatment for couples who have exhausted other options.
There are several effective treatments available for couples struggling with infertility, including IVF, IUI, ICSI, donor eggs or sperm, and surrogacy. Each treatment has its own benefits and drawbacks, and couples should work closely with their healthcare providers to determine which option is best for their unique needs. It’s also important for couples to keep in mind that infertility can be a complex issue, and it may require a combination of treatments or lifestyle changes to achieve a successful pregnancy.